Muscular knots are a common problem found in the majority of the population! Knots, or trigger points as they are sometimes known, can be found anywhere on the body and can cause a whole world of pain, irritation and stress if left untreated.
Firstly, there are two types of knots:
Latent Trigger Points – These are knots that only hurt when pressure is placed on them.
Active Trigger Points – These are knots that actively refer pain along your neural pathways causing an increase in pain in non-localised areas.
But what causes a knot you might ask, well, knots form when muscle fibres at certain points within a muscle stay in the state of contraction and are unable to release. When they are unable to release, this causes an excess tension to build up due to the constant contraction and over use of the muscle. If the tension does not release itself in a short period of time, the muscle can swell and harden forming the knot. When knots form, they send pain signals to your brain. Your brain wants to stop the pain and so commands the muscle to rest which then leads to under usage of the muscle. Under usage of the muscle can lead to weakening and fatigue as well as making the muscle shorten and tighten up.
There are many causes of knots including accidents or trauma, poor posture or over stimulation. The size of knots can range anywhere between the size of a pinhead to the size of your thumb but no matter what the size is, they are very easily treated through massage.
Within a massage, trigger point therapy can be used. Trigger point therapy involves applying pressure to the knot encouraging the muscle to relax and tension to reduce. The pressure is released once the pain has reduced. After releasing the pressure, blood flow to the area increases causing an increase in healing and further muscle relaxation. Trigger point therapy within a massage can help to massively reduce pain, relieve stress and decrease muscle tightness.
Everyone has aches and pains caused by muscular knots but unless you get them treated, they may stay there for a very long time! What’s to lose? Get yourself booked in today! Visit massage.physio.co.uk for more info and to book.